Scotland claims to be the birthplace of golf, called "gowf" in Scottish Gaelic. But a similar game was believed to have played by the Romans and the Chinese 500 years before it was mentioned in Scottish annals.
Some suggest the word golf could come from the German word "kolbe" or the Dutch variant "kolf" and there is evidence to suggest that people in the Netherlands played a game similar to golf in the 14th century.
Scotland truly embraced golf and on May 1st 1744, the first golf club, the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers, was formed. They first played at Leith on a five-hole course, before moving to Musselburgh, a course that has been used continuously since 1672.
High emigration from Scotland in the late 19th century led to the spread of golf to the US, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and further afield.
The first US Open was played on the nine-hole Newport Rhode Island Club in October 1895. It was won by an English-born professional, Horace Rawlins.
The British Professional Golfers Association was formed in London in 1901 and 15 years later the US PGA was created. In 1971, the British PGA joined up with the European Golf Association to form the European PGA Tour which organises season-long events across Europe.
Golf has been part of the Asian Games since the 9th Asian Games in New Delhi, India, in 1982.